Saint-Henri

[english follows]

Saint-Henri (De Wikipédia, l’encyclopédie libre)

Saint-Henri est un quartier de l’arrondissement du Sud-Ouest de la ville de Montréal (au Québec, Canada). Le quartier Saint-Henri est délimité à l’est par l’avenue Atwater, au sud par le canal de Lachine, à l’ouest par l’autoroute 15 et au nord par les quartiers de Notre-Dame-de-Grâce et la ville de Westmount.

Histoire

Le village de Saint-Henri est né en 1685, à la suite des travaux de recensement de l’intendant Jean Talon. Il est nommé en l’honneur de Henri II du Saint-Empire, dernier souverain ottonien, ainsi que l’abbé Jean-Henri-Auguste Roux, supérieur du séminaire des sulpiciens.

Du fait de la présence du canal de Lachine et du passage de la voie ferrée principale du Canadien National (dont le premier chemin de fer desservant Montréal, le Montréal & Lachine Railroad en 1847), Saint-Henri a été dès le milieu du XIXe siècle un des plus importants quartiers industriels du Canada.

On y trouvait notamment l’usine de RCA Victor, où il y avait d’importants studios d’enregistrement où ont œuvré les plus grands noms du jazz et où on construisit secrètement le premier satellite artificiel canadien, Alouette 1.

Situation

Saint-Henri est desservi par deux autoroutes (15 et 720), un réseau de chemin de fer (CN), le canal de Lachine (rouvert à la navigation de plaisance en 2002), deux stations de métro (Place-Saint-Henri et Lionel-Groulx), ainsi que le réseau routier urbain de Montréal. L’Échangeur Turcot se situe à l’intérieur des limites de ce quartier.

Culture

Le Musée des ondes Emile Berliner conserve le patrimoine de l’industrie du son. Ouvert au public depuis le 24 janvier 1996, il se différencie des autres institutions muséales du Québec, en ce qu’il est un des rares musées à s’intéresser à l’histoire de la technologie du son.

La trame historique du roman de Gabrielle Roy, Bonheur d’occasion, se déroule dans ce quartier.

Lieux d’intérêt

Place Saint-Henri

Ancien Bureau de poste de Saint-Henri

Caserne de pompiers 23

Marché Atwater

Canal de Lachine

Square Sir-George-Étienne-Cartier

Canada Maltage

Saint-Henri (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Saint-Henri is a neighbourhood in southwestern Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in the borough of Le Sud-Ouest.  Saint-Henri is usually considered to be bounded to the east by avenue Atwater, to the west by Autoroute 15, to the north by Autoroute 720, and to the south by the Lachine Canal.

Saint-Henri is well known as a historically French-Canadian, Irish and black working class neighbourhood. Often contrasted with wealthy Westmount looking down over the Falaise Saint-Jacques, in recent years it has been strongly affected by gentrification.

The area, historically known as Les Tanneries because of the artisans shops where leather tanning took place, was named for St. Henry via the Église Saint-Henri, which at one time formed Place Saint-Henri along with the community’s fire and police station. Nearby, the bustle of a passenger rail station was immortalized in the song “Place St. Henri.”

Saint-Henri is part of the municipal district of Saint-Henri–Petite-Bourgogne–Pointe-Saint-Charles. The borough hall for Le Sud-Ouest is located in Saint-Henri, in a converted factory, bearing witness to the borough’s industrial heritage.

History

Église Saint-Henri was so named to commemorate Fr. Henri-Auguste Roux (1798–1831), the superior of Saint-Sulpice Seminary. The municipality of Saint-Henri was formed in 1875, joining the village of Saint-Henri and the surrounding settlements of Turcot, Brodie, Saint-Agustin and Sainte-Marguerite into one administrative unit. The municipality was incorporated into the City of Montreal in 1905.

Well-known people from Saint-Henri include strongman Louis Cyr, who served as a police officer there; the Place des Hommes-Forts and the Parc Louis-Cyr are named for him. Celebrated jazz pianist Oscar Peterson grew up in Little Burgundy which is the neighborhood adjacent to Saint-Henri. Stand-up comedian Yvon Deschamps has treated the daily struggle of Saint-Henri’s citizens with humorous melancholy.

Saint Henri and Little Burgundy are considered to have a fairly common social makeup. Historically, Saint-Henri was occupied predominantly by European blue collar workers while Little Burgundy was occupied primarily by African-Canadians who worked on the railroads. Today, a multi-ethnic collage of people of varied social classes live in both neighbourhoods, especially in the recent housing developments that have sprouted along the Lachine Canal. A great number of teenagers from neighboring districts attend Polyvalente Saint-Henri and James Lyng High School (EMSB).

Many of the district’s notable Art deco buildings, including Atwater Market and the historic No. 23 fire hall, were designed by Ludger Lemieux.

The neighbourhood is served by the Lionel-Groulx and Place-Saint-Henri metro stations.

Depictions in literature and film

The district’s working-class character was most memorably recorded by Gabrielle Roy in her novel The Tin Flute (Bonheur d’occasion).

Saint-Henri has been the subject of two National Film Board of Canada (NFB) documentaries, each capturing one day in the life of the district. In 1962, Hubert Aquin directed À St-Henri le cinq septembre (September Five at Saint-Henri). In 2010, director Shannon Walsh and producer Sarah Spring oversaw a crew of sixteen videographers as they followed area residents during the course of one summer’s day to make À St-Henri le 26 août, an NFB/Parabola Films co-production inspired by Aquin’s cinéma-vérité classic.

Comments are closed.